Migration futures in Asia and Africa: economic opportunities and distributional effects – the case of Pakistan

This working paper assesses the role that planned rural-urban migration can play in enhancing livelihood resilience and introducing new economic opportunities in semi-arid regions of Pakistan, taking into consideration external stressors such as climate change.

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Climate induced rural-to-urban migration in Pakistan

How do climate shocks and slow onset changes in rural areas of Pakistan impact ecological conditions that may lead to migration? This report indicates that climate change acts with other socioeconomic determinants of migration.

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