Climate change adaptation among female-led Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in semi-arid areas: A case study from Kenya


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Based on research evidence from PRISE Research Area 4 on providing an enabling environment for private sector/multi-stakeholder action to strengthen resilience to climate change in Kenya, this chapter in the Handbook of Climate Change Resilience, contributes to the literature on private sector adaptation by empirically exploring how female-led micro, small, and medium enterprise (MSMEs) in Kenya’s semi-arid lands (SALs) experience and respond to climate risk.

The chapter argues that strong socio-cultural orientations around gender roles and resource use and access not only confine female-led MSMEs to sectors that experience higher exposure to climate risk – most notably agriculture – but also trigger more pronounced barriers to building resilience within their businesses, including reduced access to land, capital, markets, new technology, and educational opportunities. It puts forward the view that supporting the adaptive capacity of women in business should be a policy priority.



Image: Climate-smart Kenya, by Cecilia Schubert, Creative Commons License