The impacts of climate change are becoming increasingly evident in Tanzania and are projected to increase in frequency and severity, leading to severe implications on various economic sectors including agriculture, livestock, wildlife conservation and tourism, beekeeping and mining.
This review seeks to provide an initial analysis of the past and current climate in Tanzania, and to identify solutions to the complex challenges of natural resource management, economic development, poverty alleviation and resilience-building in the context of climate change.
The results indicate that there has been a slight decrease in rainfall in the period between 1971 and 2000 and a significant positive temperature trend in both maximum and minimum temperatures in some semi-arid areas of Tanzania, thus confirming previous research findings by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The report also indicates that despite the projected decrease in rainfall and positive temperature trends in the country’s arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), these areas of Tanzania are endowed with various development opportunities, which include climate-smart agriculture, small scale mining, sustainable pastoralism and community-based wildlife resource management.
Image: Rajeshree Sisodia/PRISE