The role of heat stress in migration decisions: A case study of Faisalabad



This study attempts to understand the relationship between migration decisions and heat stress, looking not only at its impact on livelihoods, but also on thermal comfort levels available at home, as well as in the workplace. It takes into consideration how heat stress affects the ability of people to work.  The paper also explores what type(s) of work is/are more exposed to heat stress, how income levels are associated with discomfort in the workplace and at home, and the extent to which these stressors play a role in the decision to migrate and the choice of migrant destination.

The study finds that the people in Faisalabad, Pakistan, are well aware of heat stress. In addition to use of electronic media, self-assessment is the most common source of information. People involved in outdoor activities (farming and daily wage labour) feel that they are exposed to heat stress at their workplace. Lack of sufficient safety measures and proper preventive tools further contribute to their vulnerabilities. Income level is also found to be associated with occupational and non-occupational vulnerabilities to heat stress, with low income identified as the main barrier people face when adapting to heat stress.



Image: Family in a cart going through a rural road in Tarai, Badin, Sindh РAsian Development Bank

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